Question: What Are The Positions In A Courtroom?

Is a presiding officer a judge?

A Judges are referred to as Your Honour.

Otherwise, Madam or Sir.

A A Judge is a presiding officer in a Superior Court and a Magistrate presides over matters in a Regional or District Magistrates’ Court..

Is DM and DC same?

A district magistrate, often abbreviated to DM, is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer who is the senior-most executive magistrate and chief in charge of the general administration of a district in India. … The District Collector is the highest Judicial Authority in the District.

Does a magistrate need a law degree?

You do not need formal qualifications or legal training to become a magistrate. You will get full training for the role, and a legal adviser in court will help you with questions about the law.

What does a magistrate judge do?

Although their precise duties may change from district to district, Magistrate Judges often conduct mediations, resolve discovery disputes, and decide a wide variety of motions; determine whether criminal defendants will be detained or released on a bond; appoint counsel for such defendants (and, in the misdemeanor …

What are the main courtroom officials?

Judge. A judge presides over a court when two parties are in dispute. … Associate. An associate is the confidential secretary to the judge and is a clerk of the court in which the judge is presiding.Tipstaff. … Legal practitioners. … Witness. … Court officer. … Court reporter.

What is a judge’s assistant called?

judicial assistantA judge’s secretary is called a “judicial assistant” (or “JA” for short). The JA is often a very important person, because she answers the judge’s phones and schedules matters on the judge’s calendar.

Who’s who in a courtroom?

To give you a basic understanding of those roles, we’ve outlined ‘who’s who’ inside the NSW local court.The Magistrate. … The Prosecutor. … Defence Lawyers. … Defendants. … Court Officers. … Court Monitor. … Witnesses.

What is the difference between a judge and a magistrate?

In brief terms, as defined by the online, legal library, a judge is “A public official with authority to hear cases in a court of law and pronounce a judgment upon them.” A magistrate is “Any individual who has the power of a public civil officer or inferior judicial office such as a Justice of the Peace” These …

What is the crowd in a court called?

The Gallery Most courtrooms have a spectator area in the back, often separated by a “bar” or partition from the rest of the courtroom. Members of the public, including those who come to court to support a family member or friend, sit in this area.

Who brings criminal cases to court?

Criminal charges are brought against a person in one of three ways: Through an indictment voted by a grand jury. Through the filing of an information by the prosecuting attorney (also called the county, district, or state’s attorney) alleging that a crime was committed.

What is the role of a witness?

A witness is a person who saw or heard the crime take place or may have important information about the crime or the defendant. Both the defense and the prosecutor can call witnesses to testify or tell what they know about the situation. … In court, the witness is called to sit near the judge on the witness stand.

What are the two sides in a court case?

Names of the sides. In criminal trials, the state’s side, represented by a district attorney, is called the prosecution. In civil trials, the side making the charge of wrongdoing is called the plaintiff. (The side charged with wrongdoing is called the defendant in both criminal and civil trials.)