Question: How Does Thalassemia Affect The Body?

Is thalassemia sexually transmitted?

Blood-borne pathogens or a drop in blood supply could potentially affect a thalassemia patient.

HIV (Human Immuno-deficiency Virus) is a blood-borne pathogen and a sexually-transmitted disease.

From 1978 to 1985, there was a peak in contamination of the blood supply with HIV..

Is thalassemia more common in males or females?

You are at risk for thalassemia if you have a family history of it. Thalassemia can affect both men and women. Certain ethnic groups are at greater risk: Alpha thalassemia most often affects people who are of Southeast Asian, Indian, Chinese, or Filipino descent.

Can thalassemia lead to leukemia?

Abstract. Occurrence of leukemia in thalassemia major is a rare presentation. Here we report two cases of thalassemic patients, developing acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The genetic analysis revealed that, female and male patients were homozygous for IVSI-6 and IVSI-5, respectively.

Can thalassemia cause depression?

This suggests that individuals with thalassemia are as likely as or more likely to experience symptoms of anxiety and depression than individuals without chronic medical conditions.

Is thalassemia considered a disability?

Only those with fairly low income and assets are eligible for SSI, even if they meet the medical eligibility criteria. With regard to medical eligibility, the SSA considers beta thalassemia an inherently disabling disease.

How do I know if I have thalassemia?

Several laboratory tests may be used to help detect and diagnose thalassemia:Complete blood count (CBC). The CBC is an evaluation of the cells in the blood. … Blood smear (also called peripheral smear and manual differential). … Iron studies. … Hemoglobinopathy (Hb) evaluation (hemoglobin electrophoresis).

What should I eat if I have thalassemia?

Nutrition & Thalassemia Nutritional deficiencies are common in thalassemia. It is recommended that patients going through blood transfusion should opt for a low iron diet. Avoiding iron-fortified foods like cereal, red meat, green leafy vegetables & Vitamin C-rich foods is the best option for thalassemic patients.

Can thalassemia cause weight gain?

Endocrine Problems Iron in the thyroid can cause hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormone levels), which may result in fatigue, weight gain, cold intolerance (feeling cold when others do not), and coarse hair.

How long do thalassemia patients live?

“Most thalassaemia patients would live up to the age of 25 to 30 years. Improved facilities will help them live up to the age of 60,” said Dr Mamata Manglani, head of pediatrics, Sion hospital.

What are the long term effects of thalassemia?

Hypersplenism can contribute to anemia in individuals with beta thalassemia and cause low levels of white blood cells, increasing the risk of infection, and low levels of platelets, which can lead to prolonged bleeding. If untreated, additional complications can develop.

Is thalassemia a serious disease?

When left untreated, this condition can lead to problems in the liver, heart, and spleen. Infections and heart failure are the most common life-threatening complications of thalassemia in children. Like adults, children with severe thalassemia need frequent blood transfusions to get rid of excess iron in the body.

Can thalassemia be cured?

A stem cell transplant is the only treatment that can cure thalassemia. But only a small number of people who have severe thalassemias are able to find a good donor match and have the risky procedure. For more information, go to the Health Topics Blood and Marrow Stem Cell Transplant article.

Is milk good for thalassemia?

Calcium. Many factors in thalassaemia promote calcium depletion. A diet containing adequate calcium (e.g. milk, cheese, dairy products and kale) is always recommended.

Does thalassemia make you tired?

When there are not enough healthy red blood cells, there is also not enough oxygen delivered to all the other cells of the body, which may cause a person to feel tired, weak or short of breath. This is a condition called anemia. People with thalassemia may have mild or severe anemia.

What is the best treatment for thalassemia?

For moderate to severe thalassemia, treatments might include:Frequent blood transfusions. More severe forms of thalassemia often require frequent blood transfusions, possibly every few weeks. … Chelation therapy. This is treatment to remove excess iron from your blood. … Stem cell transplant.

Can you donate blood if you have thalassemia?

Usually, individuals with hemoglobin levels that are too low are temporarily not permitted to donate blood. A low hematocrit level is one of the most common reason people are temporarily disqualified or “deferred” from donating blood, but some donors can actually have anemia and still be eligible to donate.

Does thalassemia affect immune system?

Because of this, people with thalassemia are said to be “immunocompromised,” which means that some of the body’s defenses against infection aren’t working. When you are immunocompromised, it is easier for you to get infections and you sometimes need extra protection, like flu shots and other vaccines.

At what age is thalassemia detected?

Diagnosis. Share on Pinterest Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder. Most children with moderate to severe thalassemia receive a diagnosis by the time they are 2 years old. People with no symptoms may not realize that they are carriers until they have a child with thalassemia.